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Abstract Physics of life

The genesis of the Physics of Life was to provide a logical and internally coherent answer to the fundamental question: “What is life?”. The objective set by the author was simple: if something is incomprehensible, he must delve deeper into the matter until it becomes obvious, at least for him.

Introduction to the whole discussion is a chapter about basic mathematical and physical foundations needed to understand life processes. Four fundamental axioms of the physics of life are discussed (dualism of the nature of things, mutual interaction, variability and property), followed by a very careful explanation of such concepts as object, system, trait, function, effect, as well as the issues regarding objective observation, emergence, processes, disturbance calculation, objectives, strategy, tactics, the ability to cope, system theory, evolution based on the model of the evolutionary development process and mathematical game theory. By defining a new type of mathematical object – a popsor and defining a few mathematical operations on it, foundations of a population calculation have been proposed. It is intended to explain biological phenomena using mathematical calculations and computer simulations.

The first steps, aimed at answering the question “What is life?” led to finding definitions of two concepts: life, and evolution – which, according to many scientists, is necessary for understanding life. Unfortunately, none of those found in books and on the Internet was explicit enough for Freeslow. Therefore, he decided to introduce a new term – the process of evolutionary development – defining it with precision. Then, he applied this process to the evolutionary game theory, proposed in the middle of the 20th Century by John Maynard Smith in examining the behaviour of living organisms. The result was a new type of “Small evolution” and “Small group evolution” - games which, when analyzed, allowed to discover two mechanisms in the process of evolutionary development. The first, called evolutionary latch, is responsible for the creation and development of new qualities, and the second, having a merging effect, is called aggregation of cooperation.

Helpful to the analysis of life processes was the introduction and definition of the following terms:

A fundamental fragment of the research was a detailed analysis of the self-origination of biological cells from simple chemical compounds. The proposed hypothesis of the cooperation of RPD objects (multiplying by absorbtion after division) fits well into the RNA world hypothesis, expanding it. On the basis of his deliberations, the author concluded that evolution, understood the way modern biology presents it, could not have been the only factor in the development of living objects – of course, evolutionary processes were and still will be important, however, another important type of processes are symbiogenetic processes. A new definiendum was proposed in place of evolution as the name for these two groups of mechanisms – gerpedolution, meaning an iterative process optimizing the RPD phenomenon, generated by this phenomenon, a process whose mechanisms are explained perfectly by the mathematical game theory.

The whole discussion presented in the book allows for formulating four basic principles of the physics of life: